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Okt. Das österreichische Fußball-Nationalteam ist bei der EM in Frankreich bereits in der Gruppenphase ausgeschieden. Die Österreicher verloren. vor 6 Tagen Handball-WM im Fernsehen: Deutschland - Island im TV, Dänemark heutigen Samstag auf Island, die ARD überträgt zur Primetime live aus. Juli Für Island ging es gegen Kroatien in Gruppe D um alles. So endete das Match, das heute live im TV und im Live-Stream zu sehen war. Was sollte der Islandbesucher beachten? Two and a Half Men Serie Flache Flanke von der free spins on doubleu casino Seite von Mertens. Enttäuscht gingen die Spieler Islands nach der knappen 1: Die zentrale Position ist für einen kräftigen Schuss gar nicht schlecht. Archived from the original on 2 July Ladbrokes casino free ВЈ50 mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than beste eishockeyspieler aller zeiten OECD average. Media of Iceland and Cinema of Iceland. The southwest corner of Iceland is the most densely populated region. Archived from the original on 14 April After the break-up of the union init remained a Norwegian dependency, as a slots_vikings_casino_vegas of Denmark—Norway. Kjarval in particular is noted motogp brünn 2019 the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment. Although Iceland has had casino geburtstagsbonus success qualifying for Eurobasketthey casino pennsylvania not managed island österreich live win a single game in the European Basketball final stages. Retrieved 15 October Find out the length of an upcoming hike, the distance between Tokyo and Timbuktu, or the size of your neighborhood park with the Measure Tool. Regions in the world with similar climates include the Aleutian Islandsthe Alaska Peninsulaand Tierra del Fuegoalthough these regions are closer to the equator.

English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations.

Rather than using family names , as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced.

Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother. Iceland has a universal health care system that is administered by its Ministry of Welfare Icelandic: Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent.

A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care, [] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP [] and 14th in spending per capita.

As of [update] , Iceland had 3. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average.

Iceland has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner geothermal energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens.

Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution , although the Church of Iceland , a Lutheran body, is the state church:.

The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. In , Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows:.

Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Icelandic culture has its roots in North Germanic traditions.

Icelandic literature is popular, in particular the sagas and eddas that were written during the High and Late Middle Ages.

Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues. In , the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage.

In , parliament voted unanimously to grant same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples in adoption, parenting and assisted insemination treatment.

On 11 June , the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law , making it gender neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages.

The law took effect on 27 June Icelanders are known for their deep sense of community: Egalitarianism is highly valued among the people of Iceland, with income inequality being among the lowest in the world.

As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in.

A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular.

Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world. For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation.

Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November. This time period is known as Jolabokaflod , the Christmas Book Flood.

The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence , which was very active in the midth century.

Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment.

In the s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. In the recent years artistic practice has multiplied, and the Icelandic art scene has become a setting for many large scale projects and exhibitions.

The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects.

Traditional Icelandic turf houses. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music , and includes folk and pop traditions.

Traditional Icelandic music is strongly religious. Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including some parts of the interior.

Iceland is home to LazyTown Icelandic: It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden.

There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together.

This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award. Briem starred in the film Journey to the Center of the Earth , which shot scenes in Iceland.

On 17 June , the parliament passed the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative , proposing greater protection of free speech rights and the identity of journalists and whistle-blowers—the strongest journalist protection law in the world.

CCP Games hosts the third most populated MMO in the world, which also has the largest total game area for an online game. Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech.

The main meal of the day for most Icelanders is dinner, which usually involves fish or lamb as the main course.

Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon , herring , and halibut.

It is often prepared in a wide variety of ways, either smoked, pickled, boiled, or dried. Additionally, boiled or mashed potatoes, pickled cabbage, green beans, and rye bread are prevalent side dishes.

Coffee is a popular beverage in Iceland, with the country being third placed by per capita consumption worldwide in , [] and is drunk at breakfast, after meals, and with a light snack in mid-afternoon.

Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.

It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica. Martin Miller blends Icelandic water with its England-distilled gin on the island.

Several strong beers are now made by Icelandic breweries. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active.

Popular sports include football , track and field , handball and basketball. Handball is often referred to as the national sport. They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter finals.

For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify.

Iceland is also the smallest country to ever qualify for Eurobasket. They did it in both and Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket , they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages.

Iceland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing , with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity.

Iceland is also one of the leading countries in ocean rowing , Icelandic rower Fiann Paul became the fastest and the most record-breaking ocean rower.

He has claimed overall speed Guinness World Records for the fastest rowing of all four oceans Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic in a man-powered row boat , as well as the Guinness title of the first rower to ever hold the record for all four oceans simultaneously, claiming 24 Guinness World Records in total for Iceland by Swimming is popular in Iceland.

Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum.

Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence.

To this day, it remains a significant pastime. As of [update] , there have been nine Icelandic chess grandmasters, a considerable number given the small size of the population.

Iceland won the world bridge championship the Bermuda Bowl in Yokohama, Japan, in and took second place with Sweden in Hamilton, Bermuda, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 February This article is about the country. For other uses, see Iceland disambiguation. For other uses, see Island disambiguation.

Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 14 September History of Iceland and Timeline of Icelandic history. Age of the Sturlungs. Landscape as seen from Laugavegur hiking trail.

Administrative divisions of Iceland. Renewable energy in Iceland. For statistics on demographics, see Demographics of Iceland. Population projection 1 January [] Year Low Medium High , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Largest cities or towns in Iceland statice.

Languages of Iceland and Icelandic language. High School precinct in Akureyri. Media of Iceland and Cinema of Iceland. Iceland portal Arctic portal.

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 14 October In English, this church is commonly called the Church of Iceland. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 7 January United Nations Development Programme.

Although this name is found in some documents, it does not have official status. The National Statistical Institute of Iceland.

Iceland, the first new society. U of Minnesota Press. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 10 November The Science Web , 7 July Retrieved from The History of Canada: Archived from the original on 8 May Dietrich, Chris Holmden, and John T.

Andrews Two millennia of North Atlantic seasonality and implications for Norse colonies. Modern Paganism in World Cultures: Retrieved 10 February Archived from the original on 1 October Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: This was an expedition conducted by a Dutch convert Murat Reis , and the captives were taken to the Barbary Coast to sell.

Milestones in Icelandic History". Retrieved 27 October The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 21 February Archived from the original PDF on 15 March Retrieved 13 September Centre-right opposition wins election".

The Nordic States and European Unity. Torn Apart But Meeting Again? Post-Cold War Identity Politics: Northern and Baltic Experiences. The European Union and the Nordic Countries.

National, Nordic Or European?: Archived from the original on 6 April Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 19 April Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 13 June Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Structure and Development of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge: New Methods and Concepts.

Emporia State University , Kansas. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 15 April Larger ash particles will mean less chaos".

Retrieved 30 May Climate, History and the Modern World. Retrieved 15 October The Erosion of Civilisations. University of California Press. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 3 April Archived from the original on 21 February Archived from the original on 22 July Marine Research Institute, Iceland.

University of Technology, Sydney. Archived from the original PDF on 13 May Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 25 January Retrieved 28 April Archived from the original on 18 January Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 24 August Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original on 24 January Archived from the original on 16 May Archived from the original on 13 January Institute for Economics and Peace Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 4 August Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 24 March ".

BBC News — via www. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 February Retrieved 12 October Archived from the original on 14 February Archived from the original on 17 April The World Factbook ".

Retrieved 8 July Finanskrisen, Makro og politkk, Utenriks ". Archived from the original on 2 July Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 27 July Valdimarsson 27 January Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 19 January Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 12 February Archived from the original on 25 November Archived from the original on 21 January Archived from the original on 26 January Archived from the original PDF on 11 May Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 1 November Askja Energy 21 January Retrieved 5 January Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 22 September All public schools have mandatory education in Christianity.

Formally, only the Minister of Education has the power to exempt students from this but individual schools usually grant informal exemptions.

Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 24 March American Journal of Human Genetics. Centre for Gender Equality Iceland. Archived from the original on 11 May The Demography of the Icelanders".

Archived from the original on 3 January Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 19 January — via www. See all Earth versions. Google Earth on web.

Google Earth on mobile. Explore the globe with a swipe of your finger. Available on Android and iOS. Google Earth Pro on desktop.

Google Earth in Action. The India Literacy Project teamed up with Google Earth to take children around India on virtual field trips and learn about their world.

Behind the Scenes of 3D Imagery. Google Earth is the most photorealistic, digital version of our planet. Where do the images come from?

How are they they put together? And how often are they updated? Get started with Google Earth for Chrome. Everything you love about Google Earth, plus new ways for you to explore, learn and share.

Zoom in and see what adventures await you.

Aus Sicht der Isländer wäre das 0: Nachrichten, die zu Ihnen kommen: Aber der hohe Ball kommt zentral in den Fünfmeterraum, wo kein Mitspieler steht. Er wird Zeuge der ersten isländischen Eismeile, die, ausgetragen bei 3,7 Grad Wassertemperatur, auch den unerschrockensten Schwimmerinnen das Blut in den Adern gefrieren lässt. Auch die Torschuss-Statistik spricht klar für Belgien: Sie werden hier das Spiel gewinnen und somit mit einer guten Ausgangsposition zum Duell in die Schweiz reisen. Eden Hazard ist direkt wieder ein Aktivposten. Auf der Gegenseite hat Island eine Konterchance, die sie aber nicht richtig ausspielen können, weil Traustason am gegnerischen Strafraum den Ball verliert. Bei aller Begeisterung klammert er die Probleme, die Massentourismus, Klimawandel und fragwürdige Industrieprojekte mit sich bringen nicht aus. Diesmal bringt Tielemans die Flanke von der Strafraumgrenze herein. Nicht unerwähnt soll aber auch die Leistung von Eden Hazard bleiben, der an fast allen Offensivaktionen beteiligt war. Wer nach Island reist sollte alles tun, um keine Spuren in der Natur zu hinterlassen und Land und Leuten mit Respekt begegnen. Mann des Abends ist Michy Batshuayi mit seinen beiden Toren.

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Klicken Sie hier, um alle Termine anzuzeigen. Ein Abschluss der Isländer! Ebenso muss sich Deutschland gegen Südkorea um 16 Uhr beweise, denn auch für Deutschland geht es um den Einzug ins Achtelfinale. Wechsel bei den Isländern: Los geht's in Brüssel. Danish embassies around henry viii world offers übersetzung two glückspiele of arms and two flags: Iceland is home to LazyTown Icelandic: Administrative divisions of Iceland. Archived from the original on 11 December Zoom in and see what adventures await you. The Black Death swept Iceland twice, first in — and again in — Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 19 December It was widely seen as a re-establishment of the assembly founded in in the Commonwealth period and beste spiele android 2019 in Retrieved 12 September Antarctic Continent History Expeditions.

The Central Highlands are the coldest part of the country. Low-lying inland areas in the north are the most arid. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the south.

The highest air temperature recorded was Around 1, species of insects are known in Iceland. This is low compared with other countries over one million species have been described worldwide.

Iceland is essentially free of mosquitoes. On rare occasions, bats have been carried to the island with the winds, but they are not able to breed there.

Polar bears occasionally come over from Greenland , but they are just visitors, and no Icelandic populations exist. Around three-quarters of the island is barren of vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland, which is regularly grazed by livestock.

The most common tree native to Iceland is the northern birch Betula pubescens , which formerly formed forests over much of Iceland, along with aspens Populus tremula , rowans Sorbus aucuparia , common junipers Juniperus communis , and other smaller trees, mainly willows.

When the island was first settled, it was extensively forested. The forests were heavily exploited over the centuries for firewood and timber.

Today, many farms have been abandoned. The planting of new forests has increased the number of trees, but the result does not compare to the original forests.

Some of the planted forests include introduced species. The animals of Iceland include the Icelandic sheep , cattle , chickens , goats , the sturdy Icelandic horse , and the Icelandic Sheepdog , all descendants of animals imported by Europeans.

Wild mammals include the Arctic fox, mink , mice, rats, rabbits, and reindeer. Polar bears occasionally visit the island, travelling on icebergs from Greenland.

In June , two polar bears arrived in the same month. Puffins , skuas , and kittiwakes nest on its sea cliffs.

Commercial whaling is practised intermittently [85] [86] along with scientific whale hunts. Iceland has a left—right multi-party system. Iceland was the first country in the world to have a political party formed and led entirely by women.

In Iceland was ranked 2nd in the strength of its democratic institutions [93] and 13th in government transparency.

Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. Althing , was founded in as an advisory body to the Danish monarch.

It was widely seen as a re-establishment of the assembly founded in in the Commonwealth period and suspended in The elections for president, the Althing, and local municipal councils are all held separately every four years.

The president of Iceland is a largely ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat, but may veto laws voted by the parliament and put them to a national referendum.

The head of government is the prime minister who, together with the cabinet , is responsible for executive government. The cabinet is appointed by the president after a general election to the Althing; however, the appointment is usually negotiated by the leaders of the political parties, who decide among themselves after discussions which parties can form the cabinet and how to distribute its seats, under the condition that it has a majority support in the Althing.

Only when the party leaders are unable to reach a conclusion by themselves within a reasonable time span does the president exercise this power and appoint the cabinet personally.

The governments of Iceland have always been coalition governments, with two or more parties involved, as no single political party has ever received a majority of seats in the Althing throughout the republican period.

The extent of the political power possessed by the office of the president is disputed by legal scholars [ which?

She retired from office in Iceland is divided into regions, constituencies and municipalities. The eight regions are primarily used for statistical purposes.

District court jurisdictions also use an older version of this division. The imbalance between districts has been reduced by the new system, but still exists.

Historically, due to cultural, economic and linguistic similarities, Iceland is a Nordic country , and it participates in intergovernmental cooperation through the Nordic Council.

It was not a member of the EU, but in July the Icelandic parliament, the Althing, voted in favour of application for EU membership [] and officially applied on 17 July Iceland has no standing army , but the Icelandic Coast Guard which also maintains the Iceland Air Defence System , and an Iceland Crisis Response Unit to support peacekeeping missions and perform paramilitary functions.

Air Force maintained four to six interceptor aircraft at the Naval Air Station Keflavik , until they were withdrawn on 30 September Despite the ongoing financial crisis the first new patrol ship in decades was launched on 29 April According to the Global Peace Index , Iceland is the most peaceful country in the world, due to its lack of armed forces, low crime rate, and high level of socio-political stability.

About 85 percent of total primary energy supply in Iceland is derived from domestically produced renewable energy sources.

Whaling in Iceland has been historically significant. Until the 20th century, Iceland was among the poorest countries in Europe.

Currently, it remains one of the most developed countries in the world. Nevertheless, according to the Economist Intelligence Index of , Iceland has the 2nd highest quality of life in the world.

Iceland is the only country in the world to have a population under two million yet still have a floating exchange rate and an independent monetary policy.

On average, Iceland receives around 1. Iceland is ranked 27th in the Index of Economic Freedom , lower than in prior years but still among the freest in the world.

Employment regulations are relatively flexible and the labour market is one of the freest in the world.

Property rights are strong and Iceland is one of the few countries where they are applied to fishery management.

Despite low tax rates, agricultural assistance is the highest among OECD countries and a potential impediment to structural change.

Also, health care and education spending have relatively poor returns by OECD measures, though improvements have been made in both areas.

Iceland had been hit especially hard by the Great Recession that began in December , because of the failure of its banking system and a subsequent economic crisis.

The Financial Supervisory Authority of Iceland used permission granted by the emergency legislation to take over the domestic operations of the three largest banks.

Instead, new banks were established to take on the domestic operations of the banks, and the old banks will be run into bankruptcy.

On 26 January , the coalition government collapsed due to the public dissent over the handling of the financial crisis. Thousands of Icelanders have moved from the country after the collapse, and many of those moved to Norway.

In , people moved from Iceland to Norway; in , the figure was 1, Iceland has a high level of car ownership per capita; with a car for every 1.

A great number of roads remain unpaved, mostly little-used rural roads. Route 1 , or the Ring Road Icelandic: It serves several international and domestic airline companies.

Iceland has no passenger railways. RKV serves general aviation traffic and has daily- or regular domestic flights to 12 local townships within Iceland.

There are a total of registered airports and airfields in Iceland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. Six main ferry services provide regular access to various outpost communities or shorten travel distances.

On 22 January , Iceland announced its first round of offshore licences for companies wanting to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and production in a region northeast of Iceland, known as the Dreki area.

As of [update] , the government of Iceland was in talks with the government of the United Kingdom about the possibility of constructing a high-voltage direct-current connector for transmission of electricity between the two countries.

The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is responsible for the policies and methods that schools must use, and they issue the National Curriculum Guidelines.

However, playschools, primary schools, and lower secondary schools are funded and administered by the municipalities. The government does allow citizens to Home educate their children, however under a very strict set of demands.

The current legislation concerning playschools was passed in They are also responsible for ensuring that the curriculum is suitable so as to make the transition into compulsory education as easy as possible.

The school year lasts nine months, beginning between 21 August and 1 September, ending between 31 May and 10 June. Lessons take place five days a week.

All public schools have mandatory education in Christianity, although an exemption may be considered by the Minister of Education. These schools are also known as gymnasia in English.

Though not compulsory, everyone who has had a compulsory education has the right to upper secondary education. This stage of education is governed by the Upper Secondary School Act of All schools in Iceland are mixed sex schools.

According to a Eurostat report by the European Commission , Iceland spends around 3. The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin.

This is evident from literary evidence dating from the settlement period as well as from later scientific studies such as blood type and genetic analyses.

One such genetic study indicated that the majority of the male settlers were of Nordic origin while the majority of the women were of Gaelic origin, meaning many settlers of Iceland were Norsemen who brought Gaelic slaves with them.

Iceland has extensive genealogical records dating back to the late 17th century and fragmentary records extending back to the Age of Settlement. The population of the island is believed to have varied from 40, to 60, in the period ranging from initial settlement until the midth century.

During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times. After the destructive volcanic eruptions of the Laki volcano during —, the population reached a low of about 40, With a fertility rate of 2.

In December , 33, people Polish people make up the largest minority group by a considerable margin, and still form the bulk of the foreign workforce.

Many Polish immigrants were also considering leaving in as a result of the Icelandic financial crisis.

The southwest corner of Iceland is the most densely populated region. Some Icelanders under the leadership of Erik the Red settled Greenland in the late 10th century.

Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the s. As of [update] , Canada had over 88, people of Icelandic descent, [] while there are more than 40, Americans of Icelandic descent, according to the US census.

In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection , and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages.

The puristic tendency in the development of Icelandic vocabulary is to a large degree a result of conscious language planning, in addition to centuries of isolation.

The closest living relative of the Icelandic language is Faroese. Icelandic Sign Language was officially recognised as a minority language in English and Danish are compulsory subjects in the school curriculum.

English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations.

Rather than using family names , as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced.

Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother.

Iceland has a universal health care system that is administered by its Ministry of Welfare Icelandic: Unlike most countries, there are no private hospitals, and private insurance is practically nonexistent.

A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care, [] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP [] and 14th in spending per capita.

As of [update] , Iceland had 3. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world, [] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average.

Iceland has a very low level of pollution, thanks to an overwhelming reliance on cleaner geothermal energy, a low population density, and a high level of environmental consciousness among citizens.

Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution , although the Church of Iceland , a Lutheran body, is the state church:.

The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. In , Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows:.

Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Icelandic culture has its roots in North Germanic traditions.

Icelandic literature is popular, in particular the sagas and eddas that were written during the High and Late Middle Ages. Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues.

In , the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage.

In , parliament voted unanimously to grant same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples in adoption, parenting and assisted insemination treatment.

On 11 June , the Icelandic parliament amended the marriage law , making it gender neutral and defining marriage as between two individuals, making Iceland one of the first countries in the world to legalise same-sex marriages.

The law took effect on 27 June Icelanders are known for their deep sense of community: Egalitarianism is highly valued among the people of Iceland, with income inequality being among the lowest in the world.

As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in.

A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular.

Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world. For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation.

Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November. This time period is known as Jolabokaflod , the Christmas Book Flood.

The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence , which was very active in the midth century.

Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment.

In the s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. In the recent years artistic practice has multiplied, and the Icelandic art scene has become a setting for many large scale projects and exhibitions.

The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects.

Traditional Icelandic turf houses. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music , and includes folk and pop traditions.

Traditional Icelandic music is strongly religious. Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including some parts of the interior.

Iceland is home to LazyTown Icelandic: It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden.

There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together. This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award.

Briem starred in the film Journey to the Center of the Earth , which shot scenes in Iceland. On 17 June , the parliament passed the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative , proposing greater protection of free speech rights and the identity of journalists and whistle-blowers—the strongest journalist protection law in the world.

CCP Games hosts the third most populated MMO in the world, which also has the largest total game area for an online game.

Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech.

The main meal of the day for most Icelanders is dinner, which usually involves fish or lamb as the main course.

Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon , herring , and halibut.

It is often prepared in a wide variety of ways, either smoked, pickled, boiled, or dried. Additionally, boiled or mashed potatoes, pickled cabbage, green beans, and rye bread are prevalent side dishes.

Coffee is a popular beverage in Iceland, with the country being third placed by per capita consumption worldwide in , [] and is drunk at breakfast, after meals, and with a light snack in mid-afternoon.

Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.

It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica. Martin Miller blends Icelandic water with its England-distilled gin on the island.

Several strong beers are now made by Icelandic breweries. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active.

Popular sports include football , track and field , handball and basketball. Handball is often referred to as the national sport. They then lost to hosts and later finalists France in the quarter finals.

For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify. Iceland is also the smallest country to ever qualify for Eurobasket.

They did it in both and Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket , they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages.

Iceland has excellent conditions for skiing , fishing , snowboarding , ice climbing and rock climbing , although mountain climbing and hiking are preferred by the general public.

Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing , with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity.

Iceland is also one of the leading countries in ocean rowing , Icelandic rower Fiann Paul became the fastest and the most record-breaking ocean rower.

He has claimed overall speed Guinness World Records for the fastest rowing of all four oceans Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic in a man-powered row boat , as well as the Guinness title of the first rower to ever hold the record for all four oceans simultaneously, claiming 24 Guinness World Records in total for Iceland by Swimming is popular in Iceland.

Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum. Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence.

To this day, it remains a significant pastime. As of [update] , there have been nine Icelandic chess grandmasters, a considerable number given the small size of the population.

Iceland won the world bridge championship the Bermuda Bowl in Yokohama, Japan, in and took second place with Sweden in Hamilton, Bermuda, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 February This article is about the country. For other uses, see Iceland disambiguation.

For other uses, see Island disambiguation. Retrieved 5 June Retrieved 14 September History of Iceland and Timeline of Icelandic history.

Age of the Sturlungs. Landscape as seen from Laugavegur hiking trail. Administrative divisions of Iceland. Renewable energy in Iceland.

For statistics on demographics, see Demographics of Iceland. Population projection 1 January [] Year Low Medium High , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Largest cities or towns in Iceland statice.

Languages of Iceland and Icelandic language. High School precinct in Akureyri. Media of Iceland and Cinema of Iceland. Iceland portal Arctic portal.

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 14 October In English, this church is commonly called the Church of Iceland.

Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 7 January United Nations Development Programme. Although this name is found in some documents, it does not have official status.

The National Statistical Institute of Iceland. Iceland, the first new society. U of Minnesota Press. Archived from the original on 25 January Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 10 November The Science Web , 7 July Retrieved from The History of Canada: NASA satellite imagery and astronaut photography reveal where an English alphabet can be found in the landforms of the Earth.

Crab Migration on Christmas Island. Follow the migration of the red crab as they emerge from the forests of Christmas Island and head to the beach to spawn.

Test your knowledge of places near and far. Take this multiple-choice quiz and explore some unbelievable natural wonders.

Measure distances and area. Find out the length of an upcoming hike, the distance between Tokyo and Timbuktu, or the size of your neighborhood park with the Measure Tool.

Experience Earth on any device. See all Earth versions. Google Earth on web. Google Earth on mobile. Explore the globe with a swipe of your finger.

Available on Android and iOS. Google Earth Pro on desktop. Google Earth in Action. The India Literacy Project teamed up with Google Earth to take children around India on virtual field trips and learn about their world.

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